In dogs, high blood pressure can even prove lethal if it’s not detected and treated on time. However, this condition is harder to diagnose in dogs compared to humans so you need to watch out for symptoms all the time. Get advice from your vet on how to handle the situation and help your pooch. However, this article suggests you how to treat high blood pressure in dogs
Dogs can suffer eye or kidney damage if their blood pressure is too high. In canines, hypertension (another name for high blood pressure) is rarely a standalone condition and typically occurs because of some other health condition.
Hypertension Symptoms in Dogs
High blood pressure is a silent killer that mostly sets in slowly which makes it hard to diagnose the problem. If your dog is over 7 years of age, you should get them annually screened for hypertension and other conditions. Watch out for the following hypertension symptoms in your canine:
- Misshapen kidneys
- Distended thyroid gland
- Difficulty seeing
- Blood leaks in the urine
- Dilated pupils
- Fast heart rate
As mentioned above, high blood pressure can occur in your dog due to another health condition, which may be diabetes, overactive adrenal or thyroid glands, or chronic kidney ailment. If this is the case, you need to first treat the causal condition before you can try to control your pet’s hypertension symptoms.
Steps You Can Take
Get another Checkup
If you notice any of the above symptoms, the first thing to do is to take your dog for another round of testing and health checkup at the vet. Your pooch may have been tense earlier and could have triggered a false positive because of it. Plus, the faster heartbeat could have been due to hypertension or fear, so err on the side of caution and get them tested again.
Try Suitable Medications
If the second test confirms your doubts, you should start using medication to regulate your pet’s blood pressure. Vets generally prescribe ACE-inhibitor medicines like Lotensin, Benazepril Hydrochloride, or Enacard (enalapril). These medications can cause blood vessel dilation allowing blood to flow through more easily and thereby reducing the canine’s blood pressure.
However, if the above medications do not prove effective, use a calcium channel blocker like amlodipine besylate. This drug works by preventing calcium flow in cells and thus removes obstructions within the arteries. This enables the heart to pump blood more easily and comfortably.
A diuretic like Salix can also prove useful against high blood pressure as it can expand the blood vessels to reduce blood pressure. Finally, you can feed your dog a diet low in sodium as this can help to ease the symptoms by decreasing blood volume and water retention.
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